How is an allergy to cold
Winter cold affects people in different ways. Some more tightly wrapped in fur coats and scarves and easily tolerate cold. They only occasionally notice: “frost is growing.” Others, those who are significantly less fortunate, regularly see skin irritations, rashes, and inflammations. Such manifestations may indicate an allergy to cold. What is a pathology? And can it be neutralized?
For a long time, doctors did not recognize the specific reaction of the skin to cold as an allergy. Not surprising. After all, frost or snow do not contain substances that can trigger a pathological reaction (allergens). Could there be an allergy to cold in this case? Until today, the nature of such an unusual reaction of the skin to frost has not been fully studied. But doctors attributed these manifestations to pseudo-allergies.
An allergy to cold occurs as a result of the contact of human skin with cold water, ice, snow, frosty air. Pathology can develop at any age. Most susceptible to pseudo-allergic reactions, children and women after 25-30 years.
Causes of Allergies
Scientists cannot yet explain in detail the mechanism of the development of allergies to cold. But studying pathology, they noticed several factors that can provoke an unpleasant reaction. These are the following points:
Heredity. If the family met people with a specific sensitivity to cold, then the risk of developing pathology in their children and grandchildren is high.
Bad habits. A high tendency to allergies to frost is found in heavy smokers and drinkers.
Infectious diseases. Unpleasant symptoms are at risk for people suffering from frequent SARS or who have had serious infections (hepatitis, mononucleosis).
Tendency to allergies. If a person suffers from an allergy (food, dust, chemistry), then his body may also respond incorrectly to cold.
Chronic diseases The risk group includes people who are diagnosed with chronic sinusitis, gastrointestinal diseases, kidney pathologies, thyroid dysfunction, tonsil diseases
Most often, an allergy to cold bothers people with thin, sensitive skin.
How is an allergy to cold
Pathology can manifest itself in different ways. But still there are several main symptoms. It is thanks to them that the pathology received the name “allergy”.
With allergies, a runny nose may appear.
So, the main signs of an aggressive reaction of the body to cold:
Runny nose. As soon as a person goes outside on a frosty day, his nose is immediately blocked. He begins to sneeze. It looks like the initial stage of a cold.
Conjunctivitis. Even a short walk can lead to severe redness of the eyes. Abundant lacrimation begins. Unhappy can suffer from burning eyes.
Urticaria (or dermatitis). This is a fairly common symptom. Red spots and blisters appear on the skin (most often on the lips, eyelids, but sometimes on the whole body). They cause severe itching. The skin is peeling. Affected areas swell. Then rashes appear. They are very similar to a nettle burn.
After entering the room, the unpleasant symptoms characteristic of an allergy to cold gradually disappear. This is the main feature of pathology.
What to do for those who are allergic to cold
You need to start the fight against pathology with a visit to the doctor. You need to make sure that we are talking about an allergy to cold, and not about another disease that is skillfully “masked” by a specific reaction to frost. In addition, the doctor will prescribe antihistamines that can quickly eliminate discomfort.
However, some recommendations that significantly reduce the pathological reaction can be resorted to now.
mittens. Be sure to purchase a long warm scarf, which, if necessary, can protect your face from excessive cold.
Going outside you need to dress in warm clothes
Before going out, for 20-30 minutes, apply winter creams to your face. They protect the skin from exposure to cold. For lips suitable hygienic lipstick. In addition, you need to review all care products, replacing them in the winter with “sensitive skin” products.
With excessive lacrimation, doctors recommend wearing sunglasses.
To reduce the severity of allergic reactions to cold, doctors advise to abandon products that can provoke unpleasant symptoms. This is useful even for people who do not suffer from food allergies.
It is necessary to exclude citrus fruits, honey, nuts, chocolate, eggs from the menu.
Seawater-based sprays will benefit. Such drugs do not treat allergies. But they can significantly reduce the severity of rhinitis. If it was not possible to obtain such a medicine, then you can resort to using ordinary saline (1 liter of water – 1 tsp. Of salt).
Sometimes people who are allergic to cold are advised to harden. This is an excellent event that will help strengthen immunity and make it easier to cope with rhinitis.