What are the signs of ovulation?
Ovulation is the main event in a woman’s cycle. It means that the body is ready for conception. A mature egg leaves the follicle into the fallopian tube to meet the sperm there and give rise to a new life.
The time of ovulation is important to know when you are planning a pregnancy. When it occurs, how long does it take and how, by what signs, to understand that ovulation has occurred?
When does ovulation occur?
The reproductive system of a woman works in cycles. On average, every 28 days, changes occur in the body, the purpose of which is the onset of pregnancy.
The cycle is counted from the first day of menstruation and includes three phases: follicular, direct ovulation and luteal.
Ovulation occurs in the middle of the cycle, that is, on the 14th day. (But not necessarily – we are all different, and this time can shift in one direction or another.)
How to determine ovulation
Ovulation itself lasts one day – that is how much an egg lives on average. (But again, it can be half a day and three days – anyone like that.)
It is during ovulation with unprotected sexual contact that the desired conception occurs.
It must be understood that ovulation in the cycle may not occur – then it is called the anovulatory cycle. At the same time, menstruation comes and flows, as usual.
How to determine ovulation by ultrasound
Ultrasound gives the most accurate prediction.
Studies are carried out for several days every one to two days, starting a week before the expected ovulation.
By ultrasound, you can track how the follicle appears and grows. When it reaches its maximum size, you can judge the release date of the egg from it and plan to conceive for this time.
This method is the most reliable, but costly both in time and in money. It makes sense to apply if there are significant problems with the onset of pregnancy.
Ultrasound determination of ovulation
How to determine ovulation by test strips or microscope
These methods are much simpler: you don’t need to go to the doctor, and the cost is much less.
Pharmacies sell test strips that show urine luteinizing hormone. As soon as it reaches its maximum (the strip turns bright), it means that the follicle burst and the egg is ready for fertilization. In order not to miss this moment, you need to start testing three days before the expected ovulation.
You can use a special microscope that analyzes saliva. The fact is that during ovulation, saliva crystallizes and in a microscope it is visible in the form of a pattern resembling twigs.
How to determine ovulation by basal temperature
Basal is the minimum temperature measured after sleep. In the first phase, it decreases, and then rises sharply at the moment the egg leaves the follicle.
Basal temperature measurement
This method is quite accurate, but requires perseverance and patience. The temperature must be measured daily for several months, at the same time, draw graphs. Not every girl is capable of such a feat. It is easier to determine ovulation by sensation and excretion.
How to determine ovulation by discharge
Discharge from the genital tract of a woman is produced by the glands of the cervix. This is the so-called cervical mucus. Its appearance and consistency vary depending on the phase of the cycle.
Immediately after menstruation, the mucus is thick, but it liquefies by ovulation, becomes transparent and stretches easily, resembling egg white. Such mucus helps sperm pass through the vagina and enter the cervix. At this time, the discharge is the most abundant, leaving marks on the laundry.
Sometimes with ovulation in the discharge visible traces of blood. She gets into the mucus from a torn follicle.
After ovulation, the mucus thickens, its volume decreases, it almost does not stain clothes.
Isolation of “egg white” is a reliable sign of ovulation in women.
Sensations during ovulation
How to determine ovulation by sensation
Pain Before ovulation, tingling or spasmodic pains in the side, from the ovary, or in the lower abdomen may appear. They are caused by a ripe follicle, which increases and presses on the peritoneum. Usually the pain goes away when the follicle bursts.
Changes in the mammary glands. Hormonal changes during ovulation cause breast enlargement, breast engorgement and soreness.
Increased sense of smell. One of the signs of ovulation may be an exacerbation of smell.
Strengthening sex drive. Not everyone has this symptom. Perhaps in a similar way the body pushes a woman to procreate.
Immediately make a reservation that these are not the most reliable symptoms of ovulation. They can be caused by other reasons. Whether you will have similar signs of ovulation is unknown. In some women, ovulation is not accompanied by any specific sensations.