What does the color of menstruation mean: pink, scarlet, brown, black
A regular cycle, without failures, delays, severe pains speaks of women’s health. Any deviations, discomfort, unpleasant or painful sensations, as a rule, force a woman to consult a doctor. But you need to pay attention not only to the duration of bleeding and the regularity of the cycle. No less important is the color of menstrual blood. What does the color of menstruation mean and what color should normal menstruation be?
What is a period?
Every month, changes occur in the female body that prepare her for motherhood. A follicle develops, an egg leaves it and moves along the fallopian tube to the uterus.
At the same time, the uterus is preparing to accept a fertilized egg. The endometrium lining it under the influence of hormones thickens, becomes loose, so that the embryo can easily attach to it.
During menstruation, the endometrial functional layer is rejected
When fertilization does not occur, the external – functional – endometrial layer exfoliates and exits along with menstrual bleeding. The bleeding itself is formed by bursting capillaries, which are present in large numbers in the endometrium.
Color – Scarlet
Such a color of menstruation is considered the norm in the following cases:
the first one or two days of menstruation in an adult woman of reproductive age;
in adolescent girls whose cycle has not yet been established;
in women before menopause.
If the menstrual blood in the middle and at the end of menstruation remains scarlet, then the reasons may be:
taking oral contraceptives;
recent surgery on the organs of the reproductive system, including abortion;
In some cases, red color is monthly
Menstruation of pink color can be caused by:
ovulation during menstruation;
inappropriate intrauterine device;
inflammatory process in the pelvic organs, in this situation, other symptoms of inflammation appear – pain, fever;
Small pink discharge during menstruation may be associated with the so-called false menstruation. This can happen in the early stages of pregnancy if fertilization has occurred. Such discharge is a variant of the norm and they do not threaten pregnancy.
Color – Yellowish Orange
Such periods may appear:
in a girl with an unsteady cycle;
in a woman before menopause;
after taking antibacterial drugs;
when using an intrauterine device;
as a result of hormonal imbalance, more often – a large number of estrogens;
due to genital infections.
Yellow-orange menstruation may appear as a result of genital infections
Color – Burgundy
This color of menstrual blood is the norm, as are dark red and brown red.
This color will be normal for teenage girls. The causes of menstruation brown in women of reproductive age can be both pathological and completely innocent.
The latter include:
inappropriate hormonal contraceptive;
adherence to a strict diet and sudden changes in weight;
period of breastfeeding;
heavy physical work, excessive sports training.
But you should not ignore brown discharge, especially if they are accompanied by pain in the abdomen, itching and burning in the genitals, the unpleasant smell of the discharge and other signs of distress, – the reason may not be so harmless:
When breastfeeding, menstruation may be brown
inflammatory process in the pelvic organs as a consequence of abortion or inflammation of the appendages;
sexually transmitted diseases, in particular syphilis and gonorrhea;
complications after genital surgery;
disturbances in the endocrine system.
Black or dark discharge is a variant of the norm in the formation of a cycle in girls and with the onset of menopause. In all other cases, they should alert the woman.
Black menstruation can appear with blood stasis, when its exit is difficult. This is observed with:
endometriosis – the pathological development of cells of the inner layer of the uterus on other organs and adenomyosis – the germination of the endometrium into the uterus;
benign formations in the uterus – polyps, cysts;
narrowing of the cervical canal.
The dark color of menstruation is sometimes caused by endocrine disorders.
Slime and clots
A small number of blood clots in the last days of menstruation, especially if menstruation is plentiful, is a normal phenomenon if their output is not accompanied by pain, discomfort, or an unpleasant odor.
After birth or abortion, mucus and clots may be noticed.
Clots can also be observed:
with an intrauterine device;
features of the anatomy of the uterus (bend, septum, atypical form);
after childbirth and abortion;
due to hormonal disruptions.