What diseases are transmitted through a kiss?
We know, we know – you say. This is a cold and flu, and kissing with a sneezing, coughing or fever would be unreasonable. But it turns out that these infections are not limited to. There are even sexually transmitted diseases transmitted through a kiss. The infection enters the body through saliva, enters the bloodstream through injuries in the mouth, including through microcracks, which you do not suspect.
So what can you get infected through a kiss?
Yes, a dangerous disease such as syphilis can also be transmitted with kisses. True, such cases are very rare, but why take the risk? Indeed, if ulcers of secondary syphilis have developed in the oral cavity, then the infection may well get on the mucous membranes of the partner and then the infection is quite real. And the most unpleasant thing is that the first symptoms of the disease will appear no earlier than in a month – the lymph nodes under the jaw will increase. By then, associating a kiss with an infection will be very difficult.
Herpes simplex virus type 1, the same one that, with a cold, gives itchy vesicles on the lips, near the nose, in the mouth, is present in the body of 90% of people. But it is transmitted only during the period of exacerbation, that is, when those same rashes appear. It is at this time that you should not kiss the patient. The danger of infection persists all the time until the crusts dry on the herpes vesicles.
This infectious disease is also caused by the herpes virus, but of a different, 4th type. Otherwise, it is called the Epstein – Barr virus. This virus most often enters the body with saliva and multiplies in the oral cavity and pharynx, so with kisses, getting infected with mononucleosis is easy. Moreover, this disease itself is called the “disease of kisses”.
Mononucleosis is manifested by high temperature, enlarged lymph nodes, tonsillitis, but not immediately after infection, but after a couple of weeks.
This is another virus from the group of herpes viruses. And, like all herpes viruses, it is very common and is most often in the body in an inactive state. Cytomegalovirus is activated with weakened immunity, severe stress. It is contained in all biological fluids, including saliva, so it can be transmitted through kisses.
Cytomegalovirus is particularly dangerous for pregnant women. When infected, the child may die in the womb or after childbirth. Survivors of children infected in utero develop various diseases and abnormalities.
This virus (HPV), manifested by benign formations on the skin and mucous membranes – condylomas and papillomas, is very common. HPV is transmitted in various ways, and you can get infected with a deep kiss, which is confirmed by scientific research.
There are a large number of types of papillomavirus, but only a few of them pose a risk in terms of the development of malignant tumors, including cervical cancer. And such an infection is dangerous because the virus can “nap” in the body for many years, and the infected person will not know about it.
This bacterium lives in the gastric mucosa. Most often, it does not appear in any way, but under certain circumstances it can cause an inflammatory process that turns into a stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer and gastritis. It can also be obtained with kisses, but only if the immune system is weakened.
A highly contagious viral infectious liver disease. Hepatitis A itself in the vast majority of cases ends in complete recovery and does not go into a chronic form. Its danger is that a sick person can infect a huge number of people around him, since he is a spread of the virus in the last days of the incubation period, when he still does not have any symptoms. And it can infect not only through kisses, but also through any object that he touched.
What can not be infected through a kiss
HIV infection. So far, there is only one recorded case of HIV infection, but it is also quite doubtful. A woman with periodontitis is infected by her HIV-infected partner while having sex using a condom (she said). Doubts are caused by the fact that the partner was a drug addict, and, possibly, the infection occurred through a common syringe or razor.
Gonorrhea. Such cases of infection through a kiss in the scientific literature have not been described.
Hepatitis B and C. Theoretically, this is possible, but, again, there is no documentary evidence of such facts.
Kissing or not kissing?
Of course, if your partner is sick and there is a chance of catching any infection from him, it is advisable to refrain from kisses until better times. If you suspect that you could become infected, rinse your mouth with a solution of any antiseptic, even plain water will do.
And also strengthen the immune system with all available methods and monitor the health of the oral cavity. And then kiss on health – the infection will be fearless to you.