The latent threat: what is the danger of chlamydia
Chlamydia are pathogenic microbacteria (some scientists consider them to be something between viruses and bacteria), causing infectious diseases in humans and animals. There are several varieties of these microorganisms; for humans, three of them are harmful, affecting various organs:
chlamydia pneumonia (Chlamydia pneumoniae) affects the respiratory system, causes bronchitis and pneumonia;
chlamydia psitaki (Chlamydia psittaci), its carrier are birds, from which people become infected; this chlamydia is the cause of ornithosis (psittacosis);
chlamydia trachomatis (Chlamydia trachomatis) – the most common chlamydial infection, it is she who is “to blame” for most inflammatory diseases of the genital area. It affects the genitourinary tract, contributing to the inflammatory processes in them (urogenital chlamydia), but not only.
Chlamydia trachomatis can also affect joints (arthritis), eyes (conjunctivitis, trachoma), lymph nodes (venereal lymphogranuloma). Fortunately, this rarely happens. Most often, we are faced with urogenital chlamydia.
Chlamydia: how infection occurs
Urogenital chlamydia refers to STDs, that is, the main reason for chlamydia infection is sexual contact with a patient or carrier of infection. As a rule, women have a greater risk of catching an infection than men.
Chladimiosis is commonly infected through sexual contact.
In a domestic way (through towels, toilet seats, etc.), infection is extremely rare, since chlamydia outside the human body quickly dies.
The sick mother of the baby can infect in the womb or during childbirth.
It is believed that every 8th person on earth is infected with chlamydia. But many do not even suspect this, since the infection may not manifest for many years. Often, the symptoms of chlamydia are not clearly expressed, while in women and men, the manifestations of infection differ.
Chlamydia in men: symptoms
In men, the urethra, the urethra, is most often affected. Its inflammation – urethritis – can be acute and chronic.
The acute form is characterized by painful urination and discharge of pus from the urethra. At the same time, the temperature may rise. But in most cases, the symptoms of chlamydia in men are not so pronounced: a slight burning sensation, discomfort during urination, the so-called morning drop – small muddy discharge before the first morning trip to the toilet.
Symptoms may not exist at all, but the man, nevertheless, will be the carrier of the infection.
In men, chlamydia can also affect:
the prostate gland, causing prostatitis with rapid and painful urination, pain in the perineum;
testicles and their appendages, which is manifested by orchitis and epididymitis;
spermatic cord, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, etc.
Chlamydia in women: symptoms
Infection can cause an acute inflammatory process, and can go away, without pronounced manifestations.
Chlamydia often flows into chronic cystitis
In women, chlamydia affects all organs of the small pelvis:
mucous membrane of the cervix – characterized by discharge from the genital tract, painful urination, pain in the pubic area (cervicitis);
ovaries and fallopian tubes – high fever and severe pain in the lower abdomen (salpingoophoritis);
uterine mucosa – malfunctions in the cycle, bleeding (endometritis);
Urethritis is also possible, but in women it occurs less frequently than in men.
The consequences of chlamydia in women and men
In both men and women, chlamydia can cause cystitis and pyelonephritis.
But the most serious consequence of chlamydia infection in women and men is infertility.
In women, the inflammatory processes caused by chlamydia lead to the formation of connective tissue at the site of damage, the appearance of adhesions, and a change in the mucous membrane. The walls of the fallopian tubes stick together, the ovaries work, the uterine mucosa ceases to fulfill its functions. All this violates the work of the reproductive organs, and pregnancy and child bearing become impossible.
Infections threaten infertility
In addition, in women, due to the anatomical structure, the infection can rise up into the abdominal cavity, and then the inflammatory process will spread to the peritoneum.
Chlamydia men also cause a lot of trouble, and the consequences of this infection are very serious. This is male infertility due to the replacement of testicular tissue, prostate connective tissue and, accordingly, a violation of their functions. Adhesions formed in the vas deferens due to the inflammatory process interfere with the passage of sperm.
Inflammation of the seminal vesicles – chlamydial vesiculitis – causes premature ejaculation and spermatorrhea when sperm flows from the urethra during urination and defecation.
Another serious consequence for a man of chlamydia infection will be a decrease in sexual desire, a weakening of erection up to complete impotence. This is due to chlamydial prostatitis, a complication of which is erectile dysfunction.